Code of ethics

IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, maintains an ethical commitment with the academic community and society in general, inspired by Article 2 of the World Declaration on Higher Education for the Twenty-First Century: Vision and Action (recommendation approved by the General Conference of UNESCO in November 1997), during which a set of rights, obligations and duties for higher-education institutions, and their personnel and students were adopted. As a part of the academic community, IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, undertakes to pursue its activities in accordance with Article 2 of the said declaration, which is reproduced below:

  1. Preserve and develop their crucial functions, through the exercise of ethics and scientific and intellectual rigour in their various activities;
  2. Be able to speak out on ethical, cultural and social problems completely independently and in full awareness of their responsibilities, exercising a kind of intellectual authority that society needs to help it to reflect, understand and act;
  3. Enhance their critical and forward-looking functions, through continuing analysis of emerging social, economic, cultural and political trends, providing a focus for forecasting, warning and prevention;
  4. Exercise their intellectual capacity and their moral prestige to defend and actively disseminate universally accepted values, including peace, justice, freedom, equality and solidarity, as enshrined in UNESCO’s Constitution;
  5. Enjoy full academic autonomy and freedom, conceived as a set of rights and duties, while being fully responsible and accountable to society;
  6. Play a role in helping identify and address issues that affect the well-being of communities, nations and global society.


IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, embraces these objectives, in addition to others of a more specific nature with which the journal’s stakeholders – editorial staff, reviewers and authors – must identify themselves so as to safeguard the journal’s general principle ethics, which are as follows:

  • To safeguard the integrity of the academic record, actively preventing and taking action against plagiarism and the dissemination of fraudulent data.
  • To provide retractions, corrections of mistakes and/or clarifications, whenever necessary.
  • IC should ensure that authorship of articles is genuine and acknowledges the scholarly contributions of other authors, as well as being transparent as to funding sources. To this end:
    • Articles should include a list of references in which the influence of all of the works on which authors have relied is duly acknowledged.
    • It is forbidden to publish the same research in more than one journal.
    • Articles must acknowledge the contribution of all of the authors to the research.

Editorial Team

The editorial staff of IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, undertakes to:

  • Select subjects for the journal’s monographs that contribute to defining and addressing problems that affect the welfare of academic, educational and social communities in our field of knowledge: communication.
  • Disseminate articles and reviews published in academic circles specializing in the field of social sciences and, in addition, in professional spheres relating to communication and among different associations and social collectives interested in issues touching on our field of knowledge.
  • Guarantee the anonymous review of submitted articles so as to ensure the integrity of the evaluation process.
  • Select a sufficient number of regular reviewers specializing in the journal’s subject matter. Furthermore, IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, will also use ad hoc reviewers when the subject matter of a submitted article requires specialists not included in its reviewer database.
  • The editors undertake to guarantee that the reviewing deadline of originals is respected (75 days) and that authors are duly informed of editorial decisions.
  • IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal, thus intends to ensure that journal content is always reasonably up-to-date, with the aim of contributing to the quality of academic, professional and social debate in our field. Hence, the journal does not establish publication queues.
  • Declaration on the prevention and rectification of publication malpractice: the editorial team is aware that it could be called upon to detect and rectify malpractice that can occur in the academic publishing world, such as plagiarism, duplicate content or authorship disputes. The editor undertakes to actively prevent publication malpractice and, should it be detected, rectify it in accordance with the guidelines established by ELSEVIER to this respect.
  • The editors will have full responsibility and authority to accept or reject articles, based on the opinion of expert reviewers in a peer review process, so as to avoid conflicts of interest.
  • The editors will always preserve reviewer anonymity during the blind peer review process.


Reviewers undertake to carry out their evaluations in a critical, honest and constructive fashion, in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • Reviewers should complete their evaluation in a maximum of 40 days so that the journal can fulfil its commitment to expediting the reviewing process.
  • All reviews should be anonymous and confidential.
  • With the same aim, if a reviewer cannot, for any circumstances, carry out the evaluation before the aforementioned deadline, he or she should immediately inform the editor, so that the manuscript can be assigned to another reviewer.
  • Reviewers should only undertake evaluation work if they feel that they possess sufficient knowledge of the subject matter and have no conflicts of interest as regards the authors or the research’s funding.
  • Reviewers undertake to send the editor a comprehensive and critical report, using the form available on the website of IC, Scientific Information and Communication Journal.
  • Reviewers should draw the authors’ attention to relevant published work that has not yet been cited.


Authors undertake to submit original manuscripts, whatever the language that they have been written in, and observe the following conditions:

  • Manuscripts must be exhaustive, rigorous and honest and research results must be true and verifiable. This involves the following:
    • Research work should be absolutely clear as to its design, processes and methodology, so that these can been verified and replicated.
    • Research work and articles should specify the epistemological presuppositions on which they are based.
    • Submitted research work and articles should acknowledge their own weaknesses and the uncertainties coming to light during the research process.
    • Data that does not lead to the validation of the researcher’s hypotheses should not be excluded: all significant research data should be included.
  • All the parties that have participated in articles or reviews should be regarded as authors. When the contribution to the manuscript of a participant is minor and hence should not be considered as a co-author, this should al least be described and acknowledged.
  • In studies based on personal interviews or participant observation, the researchers should have the express permission of all the participants in their research, so as to ensure that they have not been coaxed or forced to collaborate and the legitimate use of the information that they have provided. To this end, researchers are encouraged to obtain written permission from participants.
  • So as to ensure data protection and the privacy of subjects participating in the studies published by IC, the name of respondents should be fictitious or concealed, with the aim of avoiding any prejudice that the research could cause them. Authors should mention in their work that names are fictitious or describe the system used to conceal them. Furthermore, authors should have a list detailing real names and their fictitious equivalent, should it be necessary to check this information.
  • Authors should explicitly mention all research funding sources in their manuscripts.
  • Authors are obliged to participate in a peer review process.
  • Authors are obliged to provide a statement that all data in their articles are real and authentic.
  • All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes, whenever necessary.

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